Tuesday, June 28, 2005

Evolutionary Psychology vs. evolutionary psychology

A psychologist who is writing a book on evolutionary psychology (I don't want to mention his name, since he hasn't given me permission to do so) wrote me today with the following:

I recently discovered your blog (via Cognitive Daily), and read two of your skeptical about EP pieces. What I'm puzzled about here is how critics of EP (including Buller and Sharon Begley in the Wall Street Journal) hardly ever mention (or seem to be aware of) the rival version of EP coming out of human behavioral ecology (as found, e.g., in Barrett, Dunbar, & Lycette, Human Evolutionary Psychology, Princeton UP). They, too, reject massive modularity but maintain a thoroughly Darwinian approach to understanding human behavior.

Any comment you have on this point would be much appreciated.
I responded to him in email, noting that the reason the negative focus has been on one particular strand of evolutionary psychology is that it is that strand that gets all of the attention in the popular press. I mention all of this, though, because his email made me realize that with the exception of my last post on the topic, I haven't really distinguished between the different evolutionary approaches in psychology. To be fair to Buller, though, he has in fact mentioned the distinction. He's quite careful to make it in his opening chapter, even going so far as to use Evolutionary Psychology, with initial capitals, to refer to the Cosmides, Buss, and Pinker variety that both he and I criticize, and evolutionary psychology, in all lowercase, to refer to evolutionary approaches to human behavior and cognition in general. They are quite distinct, and anyone who is interested in alternative approaches can choose from a variety of easily accessible resources from which to learn. I've heard that the Barrett et al. book is quite good, and I've bought it, but haven't read it yet, so I can't really recommend it. Instead, in this post I'll link to a few other resources that approach psychological issues from an evolutionary perspective that is quite different from that of Tooby, Cosmides, and the like, or at least does not entail that perspective.
  • First there is the strain of evolutionary psychology that comes out of sociobiology. The only book I've read on the topic, and therefore the only one I can recommend, is John Alcock's The Triumph of Sociobiology. However, there are several others out there, and if that book doesn't do it for you, I'm sure you can find one that does.
  • One of the most interesting, hotly debated, and fashionable topics in evolutionary psychology (lowercase version) today is the evolution of language. There area all sorts of books out there now on the topic. My favorite is Ray Jackendoff's Foundations of Language: Brain, Meaning, Grammar, Evolution. This isn't a book about the evolution of language, and you have to wade through 7 chapters of some pretty heavy linguistics (an experience akin to being subjected to several different types of medieval torture at once) to get to the 30-page chapter on the evolution of language, but the anguish you experience getting there is well worth it, because he presents one of the most level-headed and plausible accounts of the evolution of language out there. If you don't have the stomach for the linguistics, or simply don't want to read a long book by an academic, you can also check out his Trends in Cognitive Sciences paper from a few years ago, in which he gives a glimpse of his view. Also, it may interest some of you to know that Jackendoff has used his approach to the language faculty to study music, and even written about potentially innate capacities related to musical cognition, in this manuscript for instance.

    Of course, if you're reading up on the evolution of language, you have to read Derek Bickerton's Language and Species, and you should probably read Pinker and Bloom's 1990 Behavioral and Brain Sciences paper, because both have been incredibly influential and are discussed in virtually every writing on the topic.

    With Bickerton, Jackendoff, Pinker, and Bloom you will get a set of views on the evolution of language that all fall within the Chomskyan tradition. For slightly (or in some cases dramatically) different perspectives, you might want to read Robin Dunbar's book, Grooming, Gossip and the Evolution of Language. In that book, language evolution is said to be an adaptation to the increasing size of human communities, which makes the other forms of intimacy and communication (e.g., grooming) less effective for maintaining social bonds and retaining knowledge of social relationships and structure. In short, language evolved so we could gossip. Then there's Peter MacNeilage's frame/content theory of language evolution, which he presents in this BBS paper. If you're partial to the Chomskyan versions in the sources above, MacNeilage's account might seem downright wacky, but you should still find it interesting. If you're like me, on the other hand, you'll find it to be a welcome relief.

    Finally, if you just want a general book on the evolution of language, the compilation Approaches to the Evolution of Language : Social and Cognitive Bases, edited by Hurford et al., which contains chapters by Bickerton, Dunbar, and MacNeilage, along with several others, including a little John Locke thrown in for good measure, is an excellent resource.
  • Another very interesting area of research is cultural evolution and the evolution of culture. Robin Dunbar, along with a few others, recently edited a book on the topic, titled The Evolution of Culture: An Interdisciplinary View. You'll get a lot of primatology and other non cog-sci perspectives in the book, which is a good thing, since cognitive scientists tend to have a pretty rudimentary knowledge of evolution, which is why we have Evolutionary Psychology (initial caps version) in the first place.

    Much of the interesting work in this area by cognitive scientists themselves has been in the area of religious cognition, and one of the foremost researchers who takes an evolutionary approach to issues of culture is Scott Atran, whose book In Gods We Trust: The Evolutionary Landscape of Religion is both interesting and full of great citations if you want to follow it up with some more thorough research. One of the interesting ideas to come out of the work in the evolution of religion is the existence of an agency-detection module. Note, however, that the existence of an agency-detection module does not in any way imply massive modularity. Atran's related work on folk biology, mostly conducted with Doug Medin, as well as similar work by other cognitive scientists, is discussed in the book he and Medin edited, titled simply Folkbiology, which may also be of interest to those seeking non-Evolutionary Psychology evolutionary psychology.

    Then there's one of my favorite cognitive scientific books, by one of my favorite cognitive scientists, Michael Tomasello's The Cultural Origins of Human Cognition. This book is an anti-evolutionary psychologist's guide to evolutionary psychology. In it, he argues that the primary cognitively-significant adaptation in human evolutionary history was an advanced capacity for mimesis. It is through this capacity that we are able to actively teach our young, and ultimately develop a cumulative culture. It is through this capacity, and the accumulation of cultural knowledge that it allows, that we developed our capacities for language and complex reasoning, along with virtually every other exclusively human cognitive ability. The book, while excellent, does have its weak points. Fortunately, Tomasello has been actively working on his theory. For a later treatment, you can read his paper (which I believe is still in press at BBS, which means it might actually be published at some point in the next 35 years) titled "Understanding and sharing intentions: The origins of cultural cognition."
That's probably enough for now. With this list, you should be able to access a wide variety of evolutionary psychological views that are independent from, if not diametrically opposed to those of the Cosmides, Buss, and Pinker crowd. Now I feel like I've done my duty in making an important distinction, one that I've failed to explicitly make in posts in the past, and can already sense my karma improving.

By the way, if you're reading this and are more familiar with some of these literatures (particularly sociobiology) and know of some good sources, leave me a comment and I will be sure to add an update.

61 comments:

coturnix said...

Where do you place Terrence Deacon?

Mark said...

(coturnix beat me to the punch)

coturnix said...

Also, I found Alcock on the wrong side so many times, from his atrocious textbook on Animal Behavior to some really bad book-reviews of other people. In my mind he is right there with Buss, Tooby and Cosmides. Actually, worse, with Desmond Morris and what's the name of the "rape-is-natural" guy?

IndianCowboy said...

Thanks for doing this. Hopefully more will come to understand that EP (caps) is a bullcrap pseudoscience perpetrated mostly by people with no formal education in evolution.

I've taken to calling myself things like socioecologist, behaviorla ecologist, blah blah blah, when what i really am is an evolutionary psychologist (no caps).

I hate when unworthy organizations steal good titles/symbols from worthy organizations. (hitler did the same with the swastika. perverting a traditional indian symbol of harmony usually drawn on a doorstep into something i can never use in the West again).

Chris said...

I know Deacon from his work on the evolution of language, particularly in The Smbolic Species. If that book is any indication, he's definitely done very interesting work.

I should probably have included Marc Hauser, too, along that lines. I've seen Dr. Hauser speak 4 or 5 times, and he does some of the coolest primate work out there, and much of it is relevant to the evolution of language and culture literatures. I just wish he hadn't written that paper with Chomsky and Fitch, because it feels like such a cop-out.

Also, I wasn't overly impressed with Alcock, but it's the only book on sociobiology that I've read. The rest of the sociobiology stuff that I've gotten has been from fairly dense papers that I wouldn't want to throw at unwitting blog readers. Send me an email, or drop a note here in the comments, with some sociobiology book recommendations, and I'll add them to the post.

Andy said...

How about Pascal Boyer of _Religion Explained_?

onclepsycho said...

Hmm, not so easy in my opinion to simply segregate the good guys from the bad ones with a simple capital... For instance, Jackendoff and Pinker largely agree on language (see their recent paper against Hauser Fitch & Chomsky: The Faculty of Language: What's Special about it? Cognition, 95(2):201--236.)
How convenient to use a lower case "e" for political correctness. It even allows some people to throw the Hitler card for no obvious reason, but that's not unheard of "raving libertarians".
The rape guyS are Thornhill and Palmer.

Chris said...

oncle, right, it's hard to know where to draw the line. Pinker's work on the evolution of language looks little like his other discussions of EP, because he rarely if ever references the EP, and he tends to avoid just-so stories. The reason I like the Pinker and Jackendoff reply to Hauser, Chomsky, and Fitch, is that they don't try to say "this is how language evolved," but instead detail the features of language that make it look like an adaptation. In the same vein, Jackendoff, in his own account of how language evolved, doesn't just say, "this is what language does, and these are the evolutionary reasons why." Instead, he says, "these are the features of langauge that come out of my theory, and this is a possible evolutionary progression."

The debate on the evolution of language also gives an idea of what evolutionary psychology can do, when it's done right (i.e., in the form of some of the lowercase versions), namely constrain the hypotheses that we develop. The language evolution debate appears to have arisen as a part of the heated debates between the various schools of Chomskyan linguistics, as well as between Chomskyan and non-Chomskyan theories of language. The idea seems to be bidirectional: a satisficatory account of language will have to be able to fit with the best theory of how language came about, and a satisfactory account of language will have to give insight into how langauge came about.

Chris said...

Oh, and I didn't include Boyer because his own theorizing tends to be much too similar to EP, capitalized, for my own taste. For instance, his theories rely heavily on domain-specific reasoning, or massive modularity. His book is better than most of those on EP, though.

coturnix said...

I've also seen Hauser speak and have read one of his books and I am quite impressed. That is good stuff.

wholesale air jordan said...

Air Jordan shoes Air Jordan shoesjordan shoes
Air Jordan shoesjordans shoes
Cheap Jordans
wholesale jordan
Air Jordan shoes
wholesale air jordan
Nike Jordan Shoes
Nike Shoes Wholesale

wholesale air jordans Air Jordans
Wholesale Nike shoes Air Jordans
Air JordansWholesale Nike Air Jordans
Air JordansNike shoes Air Jordans
nike jordan Air Jordans
air jordan Air Jordans
Air Jordans Air Jordans

buy wow gold said...

Today, the Microsoft-owned in-game ad agency said that it has signed an exclusive multiyear agreement with Blizzard. Azerothians opposed to seeing in-game ads in their localworld of warcraft goldwatering holes need not worry, however, because the deal is limited to Blizzard's Web sites and Battle.net,the game maker's online-gaming hub. Terms of the deal were not announced, but Massive did note that the agreement is applicable to users in the US, Canada, Europe, South Korea, and Australia.
buy wow gold


Massive also said today that it would be extending its aforementioned deal with Activision to encompass an additional 18 games appearing on the Xbox 360 and PC.cheap wow goldThe agency didn't fully delineate which would fall under this deal, though it did call out Guitar Hero: World Tour, James Bond: Quantum of Solace, and Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen,buy wow items as well as games in its Tony Hawk and AMAX Racing franchises.Shortly before Activision and Vivendi announced their deal of the decade,wow power levelingthe Guitar Hero publisher signed on to receive in-game advertisements from Massive Inc for a number of its Xbox 360 and PC games. A bit more than a year later, Massive is now extending its reach to Activision's new power player, Blizzard Entertainment.buy wow gold from our site ,you'll get more surprises!

ghkj said...

However mean your gold in wow life is,buy wow gold meet it and live it ;wow gold cheap do not shun it and call it hard names.It is not so bad as you are.It looks poorest when you are richest.The fault-finder will find faults in paradise.wow gold kaufen love your life,poor as it is.maple meso You may perhaps have some pleasant,thrilling,maplestory power leveling glorious hourss,even in a poor-house.The setting sun is reflected from the windows of the alms-house as brightly as from the rich man's abode;the snow melts before its door as early in the spring.sell wow gold I do not see but a quiet mind may live as contentedly there,cheap mesos and have as cheering thoughts,as in a palace.The town's poor seem to me often to live the most independent lives of any.May be they are simply great enough to billig wow gold receive without misgiving.Most think that they are above being supported by the town;powerlevel but it often happens that buy maplestory mesos they are not above supporting themselves by dishonest means.which should be more disreputable.Cultivate poverty like a garden herb,like sage.Do not trouble wow powerleveln yourself much to get new things,maple mesos whether clothes or friends,Turn the old,archlord power leveling return to them.Things do not change;we change.Sell your clothes and keep your thoughts.

inwowgold said...

buy wow gold,cheap wow gold,WoW Account,wow gold,buy wow gold,wow power leveling,Cheap WoW Account,wow gold,wow gold,world of warcraft gold,cheap wow gold,world of warcraft power leveling,world of warcraft gold,buy wow gold,Buy WoW Account,buy wow gold,wow power leveling,ffxi gil,ffxi gil,world of warcraft power leveling,wow gold,World of Warcraft Account,buy wow gold,sell wow gold,wow power level,wow gold for sale,power leveling,,wow power level,WoW Accounts for Sale,wow gold for sale,power leveling,cheap wow gold,wow power level,buy cheap wow gold.

buy wow gold said...

WoW shares many wow gold of its features with previously launched games. Essentially, you battle with monsters and traverse the countryside, by yourself or as a team, find challenging tasks, and go on to higher cheap wow gold levels as you gain skill and experience. In the course of your journey, you will be gaining new powers that are increased as your skill rating goes up. All the same, in terms of its features and quality, that is a ture stroy for this.WoW is far ahead of all other games of the genre the wow power leveling game undoubtedly is in a league of its own and playing it is another experience altogether.

Even though WoW is a wow gold cheap rather complicated game, the controls and interface are done in buy warhammer gold such a way that you don't feel the complexity. A good feature of the game is that it buy wow items does not put off people with lengthy manuals. The instructions cannot be simpler and the pop up tips can help you start playing the game buy cheap world of warcraft gold immediately. If on the other hand, you need a detailed manual, the instructions are there for you to access. Buy wow gold in this site,good for you ,WoW Gold, BUY WOW GOLD.

kiloi said...

tn chaussuresEnter the necessary language translation, up to 200 bytes winter, moves frequently in China, nike chaussures showing that the deep strategy of the Chinese market. Harvard Business School, nike tnaccording to the relevant survey data show that in recent years the Chinese market three brands, Adidas, mens clothingpolo shirts Li Ning market share at 21 percent, respectively, 20%, 17%. The brand is first-line to three lines of urban competition for mutual penetration. Side of theworld,announced layoffs, while China's large-scale facilities fists. The sporting goods giant Nike's every move in the winter will be fully exposed its strategy. Years later, the Nike, Inc. announced the world's Fan

chinaspecial said...

China Highlights
China Highlights
China Tours
China Hotels
China Attractions
Beijing China Travel
Shanghai China Travel
Xian China TravelGuilin China TravelYangshuo China Travel
China custom toursChina special toursChina custom TravelChina special travel

tjkilituyt said...

replica handbags
knockoff handbags
designer handbags
handbag imitation
fake designer handbags
replica purses
fake purses
fake handbags

products said...

China Wholesale has been described as the world’s factory. This phenomenom is typified by the rise of buy products wholesalebusiness. Incredible range of products available with wholesale from china“Low Price and High Quality” not only reaches directly to their target clients worldwide but also ensures that China Wholesalers from China means margins you cannot find elsewhere and China Wholesale will skyroket your profits.

Anonymous said...

Bonus soft bez depu, free promotion poker promocje owy instant zupka dob $50 poker online. Odbierz sw&oa cutr&oac ute;w bez free fepozytu
Online poker sign up bonus free is easy to yoy and we have to be. Way meke made poker withets all possible.
Victor Chandler oferuje sign up bonus instant. said as well done. Earn some money free , wow i said and how horrible they were early.
Also had some comments anonymouse sign up poker bakroll and don't know how how get no deposit free signup poker bankrolls & bonuses.
Great day, sorry if spam. Now you must be carefull and sponsorship is your's.
Next poker padfg have those instant poker bonus - Poker online no deposit $35 bonus promotion.
As a friendly memben or awesome user be nice for peple.

琪琪 said...

you are not our mother. She has a soft, pleasant voice, but your voice is rough, you

are the wolf.
...................................................
......

琪琪 said...

who has started the last 12 games in the absence of Yi Jianlian. "I know I've improved

a ton defensively this season."
...................................................
.......

琪琪 said...

If on the other hand, you need a detailed manual, the instructions are there for you to

access.
...........................................................
...

dreaz said...

I am grateful to you for this great content.aöf thanks radyo dinle cool hikaye very nice ssk sorgulama only cinsellik very nice ehliyet only home free kadın last go korku jomax med olsaoy hikaye lesto go müzik dinle free only film izle love aşk only mp3 indir only radyolar lest go açıköğretim free net only filmler

beauty said...

. . . .
. . . . . . .
. . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
This article is very good,I like it !

beauty said...

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . good,very good!

beauty said...

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I like it

Wow Gold said...

Nice blog. I a also ardent player of WOW GOLD. I love this game. Nice posting about wow gold. Thanks!

Buy Wow Gold said...

WOW GOLD, nice blog. its worth reading. I liked it very much!

WOW GOLD said...

WOW GOLD, nice blog. its worth reading. I liked it very much

kitchen remodel photos said...

What a facinating article. I’m looking for a marketing expert to help with a project, could you help? Please come visit my site kitchen designers when you got time.

simple payroll software said...

I was thinking of looking up some of them newspaper websites, but am glad I came here instead. Although glad is not quite the right word… let me just say I needed this after the incessant chatter in the media, and am grateful to you for articulating something many of us are feeling - even from distant shores. Please come visit my site small business payroll software give me any valuable feedbacks.

bo3021 said...

You are right, I believe that there will be many readers like you
Chanel Cambon?Christian Louboutin?Chanel Bags Chanel Clutches Jimmy Choo
Chanel Denim

Handbags
?Manolo Blahnik Chanel nappa handbags
Yves Saint Lauret?Christian Louboutin Boots Gucci Handbags
discount christianlouboutinManolo Blahnik Gucci Bags?
Jimmy Choo? Gucci Wallets?Louis

Vuitton Bags

Yves Saint Lauret? YSL?Christian

Louboutin
?
http://www.bestlouisvuitton.com/
http://www.buylouboutin.com/
http://www.yitingbuy.com/
http://www.discount-christianlouboutin.com/
 

tong said...

Christian Louboutin Pumps
Christian Louboutin Sandals
christian louboutin heels
Christian Louboutin Short Boots
Christian Louboutin Spring Collection
Christian Louboutin Tall Boots
discount Christian Louboutin Boots
discount Christian Louboutin Pumps
discount Christian Louboutin Sandals
discount christian louboutin heels
discount Christian Louboutin Short Boots
discount Christian Louboutin Tall Boots
Christian Louboutin Boots Sale
Christian Louboutin Pumps sale
Christian Louboutin Sandals sale
christian louboutin heels sale
Christian Louboutin Short Boots sale
Christian Louboutin Tall Boots sale
http://www.christianlouboutinshoes88.com/

Apa Saja Dah said...

Find and download what you need at Rapidshare Search Engine.
Top Site List Free Proxy Site Free Download mp3 Michael Jackson song All Michael Jackson Lirics Oes Tsetnoc Mengembalikan Jati Diri Bangsa Download Mp3 Gratis

share it said...

整形外科|童裝批發|春藥|徵信|清境民宿|機票|隔熱紙|玻尿酸|電波拉皮|美白針|脈衝光|花蓮民宿|徵信社|壯陽藥品|室內裝潢|指甲彩繪

Buying Or Selling A Home said...

Very nice information. Thanks for this. Please come visit my site how to buy home when you got time.

Moving And Storage said...

I found your blog on google and read a few of your other posts. I just added you to my Google News Reader. Keep up the good work. Look forward to reading more from you in the future. Please come visit my site house moving and relocation tips give me any valuable feedbacks.

cheap nike shoes said...

Nike shoes
puma shoes
Cheap nike shoes
NIKE’s headquartered in Beaverton, Oregon.Nike may be one of the youngest of the major brands, but it is the dominant brand around the world.In 1963-1964 when University of Portland track coach, Bill Bowerman, and Phil Knight, a mid-distance runner joined forces to import and provide low-cost, high tech running shoes from Japan in order to provide alternatives to the German-dominated athletic shoe market.
Discount nike shoes
Wholesale nike shoes
Nike shox r4
Operating under the name Blue Ribbon Sports, Bowerman and Knight began to sell the Japanese Onitsuke Tiger (Nike SB) running shoes. Jeff Johnson, a former rival of Knight, joins the company in 1965 as their first full-time salesperson and sells shoes from the back of his van at local and regional track meets until opening Blue Ribbon Sports’ first retail outlet at 3107 Pico Blvd, Santa Monica California.
nike shox shoes
nike air max
nike running shoes
The Superstar is one of the first designs the Adidas manufactured.The tongue is leather on the outside and cloth of the inside and is thick enough to feel padded, but thin enough to not feel like an obstruction. The heel of the shoe holds up well the curve of the front is great for any kind of feet.
cheap puma shoes
discount puma shoes
nike air max tn
Therefore, Adidas is a collection of trust and respect. Product and marketing initiatives at Adidas primarily focus on five global priorities: football, running, training, basketball and Adidas Originals sneakers. Adidas sports the recognizable logo of three slanted parallel bars of ascending height.
puma mens shoes
puma running shoes
wholesale puma shoes
Everybody like beauty, which is quite commen, especailly womens. Welcom to our store which is focused on sellingghd hair straighteners mk4and hair straightners. For women, especially the young girls, this ghd iv styler hair straightener is the best choice. ghd hair straightners is famouse for the pretty outlook and the top quality. The price of this cheap ghd hair straighteners is acceptable and rational. Ed Hardy Jeans, Ed Hardy Hoodies ed hardy shirts ed hardy clothes ed hardy clothing
ed hardy trousers

lilena said...

Online guide for kitchen garden, kitchen herd gardens, vegetable kitchen gardening. From planning, soil test, composting, common vegetables and herbs growing and caring.vegetable kitchen gardening

lilena said...

Growing Corn, corn plant, corn planting, sweet corn planting basics. Growing Sweet Corn and corn gardening

nanchang said...

Your blog is wonderful, I like it very much, thank you!
By the way, do you like polo shirts, which are very chic, especially the polo t shirts, I love them very much. I also like playing tennis rackets, it can keep healthy, what do you like to do?
polo t shirts women
polo t shirts on sale
polo t shirts for women
polo shirts on sale
polo shirts men
men's polo shirt
men polo shirt
mens polo shirts
mens polo shirt
cheap polo shirts
discount polo shirts
men's polo shirts
women's polo shirts
cheap tennis racket
discount tennis racket
prince tennis racquet
head tennis rackets
wilson tennis racket
babolat tennis racquet

dreaz said...

I am grateful to you for this great content

araç sorgulama
sorgulama
ehliyet
açıköğretim
bağkur sorgulama
ssk sorgulama
emekli sandığı
cinsellik
radyo dinle
korku
evlilik
hikaye
gazeteler

wow gold kaufen said...

Wow,great post

wow Account said...

Wow,great post

Calgary Business said...

Hey very nice blog!! Man .. Beautiful .. Amazing .. I will bookmark your blog and take the feeds also…


Calgary Business Directory, Calgary Agriculture, fishing & Forestry, Calgary Apparel & Accessories, business directory listings of Calgary Automotive, Calgary Business & Professional Services, Calgary Computers, Communications & Electronics, home garden furnishing, real estate business finderCalgary Construction & Renovation, Calgary Education, Calgary Entertainment & Media, Calgary Family & Community, Lawyers Attorneys & Law Firms Directory Calgary Finance & Legal,dinning restaurants Entertainment serving Calgary Food & Beverages, Calgary Health & Medicine Doctors Hospitals, Calgary Home & Garden, Calgary Industrial supplies & services , Calgary Personal Care, Calgary Public utilities & environment, Calgary Real-Estate & Insurance, Calgary Shopping & Specialty Stores, shopping, retail, department stores company guide of Calgary Sports & Recreation, Calgary Transportation, Calgary Travel & Lodging

Edmonton Business Phone said...

This is very interesting information. I am doing some research for a class in school. and i liked the post. do you know where I can find other information regarding this? I am finding other information on this but nothing that I can use really in my paper for my final. do you have any suggestions?

Edmonton Business Directory, Edmonton Agriculture, fishing & Forestry, Edmonton Apparel & Accessories, business directory listings of Edmonton Automotive, Edmonton Business & Professional Services, Edmonton Computers, Communications & Electronics, home garden furnishing, real estate business finderEdmonton Construction & Renovation, Edmonton Education, Edmonton Entertainment & Media, Edmonton Family & Community, Lawyers Attorneys & Law Firms Directory Edmonton Finance & Legal,dinning restaurants Entertainment serving Edmonton Food & Beverages, Edmonton Health & Medicine Doctors Hospitals, Edmonton Home & Garden, Edmonton Industrial supplies & services , Edmonton Personal Care, Edmonton Public utilities & environment, Edmonton Real-Estate & Insurance, Edmonton Shopping & Specialty Stores, shopping, retail, department stores company guide of Edmonton Sports & Recreation, Edmonton Transportation, Edmonton Travel & Lodging

liuhua said...

After read your blog, I think you are a wonderful person, for your blog is the best one I have ever seen. If you do not mind, I would like to know do you like fashion? Have you ever heard of polo shirts, which are very chic, especially the polo t shirts, I love them very much. I also like playing tennis rackets, it can keep healthy, what do you like to do? I consider it as my great pleasure to introduce myself as the outlet of polo t shirts women
polo t shirts on sale
and the warmly welcomed
polo t shirts for women
Now. I'd like to introduce our masterpieces, such as
polo shirts on sale
polo shirts men
men's polo shirt
men polo shirt
mens polo shirts
mens polo shirt
besides we also sell
cheap polo shirts
discount polo shirts
men's polo shirts
women's polo shirts
Which are popular with fashinable people. We are also the outlet of
cheap tennis racket
discount tennis racket
in this sporty season, we recommend
prince tennis racquet
head tennis rackets
wilson tennis racket
babolat tennis racquet
There more new products in our store online, we are expecting you to come. We can say that you must find your satisfied things in our store.

Canada North Vancouver said...

Hey very nice blog!! Man .. Beautiful .. Amazing .. I will bookmark your blog and take the feeds also…
North Vancouver Business Directory, North Vancouver Agriculture, fishing & Forestry, North Vancouver Apparel & Accessories, business directory listings of North Vancouver Automotive, North Vancouver Business & Professional Services, North Vancouver Computers, Communications & Electronics, home garden furnishing, real estate business finderNorth Vancouver Construction & Renovation, North Vancouver Education, North Vancouver Entertainment & Media, North Vancouver Family & Community, Lawyers Attorneys & Law Firms Directory North Vancouver Finance & Legal,dinning restaurants Entertainment serving North Vancouver Food & Beverages, North Vancouver Health & Medicine Doctors Hospitals, North Vancouver Home & Garden, North Vancouver Industrial supplies & services , North Vancouver Personal Care, North Vancouver Public utilities & environment, North Vancouver Real-Estate & Insurance, North Vancouver Shopping & Specialty Stores, shopping, retail, department stores company guide of North Vancouver Sports & Recreation, North Vancouver Transportation, North Vancouver Travel & Lodging

British Columbia Companies said...

This is very interesting information. I am doing some research for a class in school. and i liked the post. do you know where I can find other information regarding this? I am finding other information on this but nothing that I can use really in my paper for my final. do you have any suggestions?
British Columbia Business Directory, British Columbia Agriculture, fishing & Forestry, British Columbia Apparel & Accessories, business directory listings of British Columbia Automotive, British Columbia Business & Professional Services, British Columbia Computers, Communications & Electronics, home garden furnishing, real estate business finderBritish Columbia Construction & Renovation, British Columbia Education, British Columbia Entertainment & Media, British Columbia Family & Community, Lawyers Attorneys & Law Firms Directory British Columbia Finance & Legal,dinning restaurants Entertainment serving British Columbia Food & Beverages, British Columbia Health & Medicine Doctors Hospitals, British Columbia Home & Garden, British Columbia Industrial supplies & services , British Columbia Personal Care, British Columbia Public utilities & environment, British Columbia Real-Estate & Insurance, British Columbia Shopping & Specialty Stores, shopping, retail, department stores company guide of British Columbia Sports & Recreation, British Columbia Transportation, British Columbia Travel & Lodging

Ontario ON Phone Directory said...

Hey very nice blog!! Man .. Beautiful .. Amazing .. I will bookmark your blog and take the feeds also…

Ontario Business Directory, Ontario Agriculture, fishing & Forestry, Ontario Apparel & Accessories, business directory listings of Ontario Automotive, Ontario Business & Professional Services, Ontario Computers, Communications & Electronics, home garden furnishing, real estate business finderOntario Construction & Renovation, Ontario Education, Ontario Entertainment & Media, Ontario Family & Community, Lawyers Attorneys & Law Firms Directory Ontario Finance & Legal,dinning restaurants Entertainment serving Ontario Food & Beverages, Ontario Health & Medicine Doctors Hospitals, Ontario Home & Garden, Ontario Industrial supplies & services , Ontario Personal Care, Ontario Public utilities & environment, Ontario Real-Estate & Insurance, Ontario Shopping & Specialty Stores, shopping, retail, department stores company guide of Ontario Sports & Recreation, Ontario Transportation, Ontario Travel & Lodging

Prince Edward Island pei PE Phone Directory said...

This is very interesting information. I am doing some research for a class in school. and i liked the post. do you know where I can find other information regarding this? I am finding other information on this but nothing that I can use really in my paper for my final. do you have any suggestions?

Prince Edward Island pei Business Directory, Prince Edward Island pei Agriculture, fishing & Forestry, Prince Edward Island pei Apparel & Accessories, business directory listings of Prince Edward Island pei Automotive, Prince Edward Island pei Business & Professional Services, Prince Edward Island pei Computers, Communications & Electronics, home garden furnishing, real estate business finderPrince Edward Island pei Construction & Renovation, Prince Edward Island pei Education, Prince Edward Island pei Entertainment & Media, Prince Edward Island pei Family & Community, Lawyers Attorneys & Law Firms Directory Prince Edward Island pei Finance & Legal,dinning restaurants Entertainment serving Prince Edward Island pei Food & Beverages, Prince Edward Island pei Health & Medicine Doctors Hospitals, Prince Edward Island pei Home & Garden, Prince Edward Island pei Industrial supplies & services , Prince Edward Island pei Personal Care, Prince Edward Island pei Public utilities & environment, Prince Edward Island pei Real-Estate & Insurance, Prince Edward Island pei Shopping & Specialty Stores, shopping, retail, department stores company guide of Prince Edward Island pei Sports & Recreation, Prince Edward Island pei Transportation, Prince Edward Island pei Travel & Lodging

WoW Account said...

Good post

guli said...

I think you are a wonderful person after read your blog, for your blog is the best one I have ever seen. If you do not mind, I would like to know do you like fashion? Have you ever heard of polo t shirts, which are very chic, especially the discount polo t shirts, I love them very much.
Now, I'd like to introduce our masterpieces, such as
polo t shirts on sale
polo t shirts cheap
cheap polo mens shirts
besides we also sell
cheap polo men t shirts
cheap polo t shirts
polo t shirts women
if you are a fashion chaser, you should not miss
polo t shirts for women
polo shirts on sale
discount polo shirts
and the warmly welcomed
men's polo t shirt
polo men t shirts

新年快樂 said...

牙醫,植牙,矯正,矯正牙齒,皮膚科,痘痘,中醫,飛梭雷射,毛孔粗大,醫學美容,痘痘,seo,關鍵字行銷,自然排序,網路行銷,自然排序,關鍵字行銷seo,部落格行銷,網路行銷,seo,關鍵字行銷,自然排序,部落格行銷,網路行銷,牛舌餅婚紗台中婚紗,腳臭,腳臭,腳臭,腳臭,腳臭,腳臭

新年快樂 said...

腳臭,腳臭,高雄婚紗,街舞,小產,雞精,性感,辣妹,雷射溶脂,雙下巴,抽脂,瘦小腹,微晶瓷,電波拉皮,淨膚雷射,清潔公司,居家清潔,牙周病,牙齒矯正,植牙,牙周病,矯正,植牙

buy wow gold said...

Interesting post

Mark said...

Oregon insurance agencies and brokers. Oregon car insurance, home owner insurance, health insurance, life insurance and more.
Oregon
Accident & Health Insurance
, Oregon
Aircraft & Aviation Insurance
, Oregon
Auto Insurance
, Oregon
Bail Bonds Referral Services
, Oregon
Boat & Yacht Insurance
, Oregon
Business Insurance
, Oregon
Business Interruption Insurance
, Oregon
Casualty insurance
, Oregon
Churches Insurance
, Oregon
Contents insurance
, Oregon
Corporate Insurance Adjusters
, Oregon
Credit Insurance
, Oregon
Crime insurance
, Oregon
Dental Insurance

Mark said...

Oregon insurance companies, insurance agents brokers and insurance guide. Comprehensive information about Oregon car insurance, home owner insurance, health insurance, life insurance and more.


Oregon
Home Health Care Insurance
, Oregon
Home Insurance
, Oregon
Hospitalization Insurance
, Oregon
Insurance
, Oregon
Insurance Adjusters
, Oregon
Insurance Agents & Brokers
, Oregon
Insurance Annuities
, Oregon
Insurance Bonds
, Oregon
Insurance Claims & Services
, Oregon
Insurance Claims Processing Services
, Oregon
Insurance Consultants & Advisors
, Oregon
Insurance Employment Agencies
, Oregon
Insurance Examinations
, Oregon
Insurance Examiners

ally said...

Fashion trends change on daily basis, like Gold GHD. Following the latest in designer shades has become a passion of everyone, now Burberry Sunglasses. If you are the type of a woman who loves to explore in fashion, our ED Hardy Sunglasses will definitely satisfy your taste. Cheap Ed Hardy Sunglasses is also OK. Ed hardy streak of clothing is expanded into its wholesale ED Hardy T-shirt chain so that a large number of fans and users can enjoy the cheap ED Hardy Clothing range easily with the help of numerous secured websites, actually, our ED Hardy Outlet. As we all know, in fact discount ED Hardy, is based on the creations of the world renowned tattoo artist Don Ed Hardy. Well, this question is bound to strike the minds of all individuals. Many people may say Prada shoes is a joke, but we can give you Prada Sunglasses, because we have Prada handbags. Almost everyone will agree that Prada Purses are some of the most beautiful designer handbags marketed today. Now we have one new product: Prada totes. The reason is simple: fashion prohibited by ugg boots, in other words, we can say it as Cheap ugg boots. Would you like to wear Discount ugg boots. We have two kinds of fashionable boots: classic ugg boots and ugg classic tall boots. Ankh Royalty--the Cultural Revolution. Straightens out the collar, the epaulette epaulet, the Ankh Royalty Clothing two-row buckle. Now welcome to our Ankh Royalty Outlet. And these are different products that bear the most famous names in the world of fashion, like Ankh Royalty T shirt by the way -Prada, Spyder, Moncler(Moncler jackets,or you can say Moncler coats, Moncler T-shirt, Moncler vest,and you can buy them from our discount Moncler outlet), GHD, ED Hardy, Ankh Royalty, Twisted Heart.

ally said...

Fashion is all about lookingmoncler jackets good and being comfortable at the same time. monclermoncler coatsEvery woman loves being complimentedmoncler t-shirtmoncler vestmoncler outlet for her sense of style and elegance. ugg bootscheap ugg bootsdiscount ugg bootsNo woman wants to be labeled as outdated and old fashioned.ugg classic tall bootsclassic ugg bootsWomen are expected to be in constant touch with the latest trends in ordermoncler jacketsmonclernew moncler coats to adopt those trends and look fashionable and stylish. moncler vestmoncler outletmoncler polo t-shirtWomen need to make sure that whatever they wear, coach outletcoach handbagscoach bagsit should compliment their personality and they do not feel awkward while wearing it. coach totescoach outletlouis vuitton handbagsAn article about Gothic costume clothing and the importance of choosing Gothic choker. LV handbags 2010Louis Vuitton bagsLouis Vuitton totesThis article explores the wide variety of Gothicrain boots
rainweardiesel jeans chokers available from everyday to special occasions. Ture Religion Jeanslevis jeansabercrombie and fitch outletIt should inspire people to go shopping for their own Gothic chokers. ed hardy wholesaleed hardy outletcheap ed hardy wholesaleThe origins of the Flat cap span discount ed hardy wholesalewholesale ed hardy