With all the recent lists of the best, most important, or must-read books in various sub-areas of analytic philosophy (interesting that none of the philosophy of mind lists included books like Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint), I thought some people might be interested in the recently compiled list of the "100 Most Influential Works in Cognitive Science."
Like the other lists, all of the books and papers have been influential, though the ranking seems a bit silly, and as you might expect, not everyone agrees with many of the inclusions and omissions (including me). It seems silly to put Turing's "Computing machinery and intelligence" third behind a paper by Chomsky and David Marr (both of which are excellent, though judging from the influence in my own corner of the discipline, I would have put Marr's Vision ahead of Chomsky), when both of the works ahead of it depend on it, in many ways, for their very existend. Hebb's 1949 work is also a justifiable choice for #1, since it has had an unmeasurable influence on neuroscience, and essentially created the idea of neural networks.
There are some works that are glaringly misplaced. While Fodor's The Modularity of Mind definitely merits inclusion, placing it at #7 tells me that the panel of judges had a slight philosophy bias. I mean, it's ahead of Shannon's "A mathematical theory of communication" (#12), Neisser's Cognitive Psychology (which pretty much launched the discipline, and is at #20), and Piaget's The Child's Conception of the World (which has defined the study of cognitive development for 75 years, and is ranked #46)! That's sort of like putting The God Particle ahead of "The principle of relativity."
The one work I would have left off the list is Edelman's Neural Darwinism (#87), but I'm not a neuroscientist, so maybe that convoluted work is more influential than I think (I've never read, or until I saw this, heard of Koehler's The Mental Life of Apes, #90, so I can't really speak to its inclusion). There are also works not on the list that I would have included, like Lewin's Dynamic Theory of Personality, Gentner's "Structure-mapping: A theoretical framework for analogy," Feldman and Ballard's "Connectionist models and their properties," and one of the Bransford and Johnson papers on memory from the early 1970s.
Anyway, maybe someone out there has a list of books they would have included, or excluded.